Are a pictorial way of constructing knowledge and organizing information. They help the student convert and compress a lot of seemingly disjointed information into a structured, simple-to-read, graphic display. The resulting visual display conveys complex information in a simple-to-understand manner.

The process of converting a lot of information in graphic map gives the student an increased understanding and insight into the topic at hand.

To create the map, the student must concentrate on the relationships between the items and examine the meanings attached to each of them.

Graphic organizers are useful because:

1.- Students prioritize the information and organize how to put it into the map

2.- Help the student to generate ideas and clarify them.

3.- Help to structure projects

4.- Are easy to make because you can draw them or print them, and there are as many types as students imagination.

Some examples of them are:

story star diagram thumbnail      




For centuries, literature has been one of the most effective ways to get knowledge and pass it to new generations.

 In order to develop student’s skills, teachers have to use any tool that they have in their arms, and naturally, literature is one of the most important and complete of them because you can read it, talk about it, listening about it and write about it. But, how can you convince children and some adults that read is funny, interesting and useful?

 This is an answer that cannot be found even in our days, but some people have discovered different tools to convince people how important and funny is to read. For example, literature Circle it is a tool that has been used for centuries in different societies of our world, and it has been useful in many different ways, in the past, in some cultures it has been used to meet other people of the same cultural level or to get funny with them. Now, in our days we can use it to promote reading and also it is a way to put in touch with your relatives or friends.

Then, why is a literature circle useful in an English classroom? Well, when you are in front of a class, you have to look for different ways to get and keep your students attention … something really difficult because you have to fight with a lot of things.


But, if you explain to your students that when they read something they are getting knowledge, and that share that knowledge with their classmates allows them to learn something different about the same lesson because they can know different points of view and if they do this in a dynamic way, it could be more attractive for them and a possible success in your class.




 I learn something really important with this homework that made me feel good with this course.

 First of all, I have to say that I didn´t know anything about CEFR and ALTE before, now I know that both the ALTE (Association of Language Tester in Europe), and the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment) are language examination standards, that are useful to know the language ability that English teachers, teacher trainers, test writers o material writers must to have.

It was very important for me to know that if you have this degree  that validate that you have the language qualification, you can work in any part of the world, so this information was really interesting for me.



Provides foreign language examination, it has worked on the common European Framework of  Reference for Language Learning and Teaching

International reference for the recognition of language qualifications.

Was founded by the University of Cambridge in conjunction with the University of Salamanca so the first exams to be related to their “Can-Do” statements were the Cambridge EFL exams

It has six levels that are an interpretation of the classic division into basic, intermediate and advanced.

The scheme proposed in the “Common European Framework of Reference: Learning, Teaching, Assessment” adopts a “Hypertext” branching principle, starting from an initial division into three broad levels:

Basic User: A1 and A2

Independent User: B1 and B2

Proficient User: C1 and C2




I have a nephew, he is 3 years old. Two months ago I decided to be his English teacher as a personal challenge.

First, I didn’t know how to explain him things that he doesn´t know even in Spanish, so when I listen his “magical” question WHAT IS THAT??? I smile and answer him in Spanish and in English.

 Now he knows many key words that help me to explain him other words, and also it is useful because I use to play his favorite movies and songs in English, I also teach him to play iPad games and videos like those:






When we talk about individual words, set of words or units of vocabulary that have specific meaning, we are talking of Lexis.



1.- Describes the thing or idea behind the vocabulary. It could be classified as denotation, denotation meaning or context meaning.



2.- The meaning of some vocabulary comes from their form, because when you add prefixes or suffixes to the base words, it can give the opposite meaning, or a comparative or superlative meaning.


  • Prefixes.- A group of letters added at the beginning of a base word.
  • Suffixes.- A group of letters added at the end of a base word.
  • Compounds.- Nouns made from 2 or more separate words that change the meaning from the individual word.




3.- There are words that occur together such as collocations, fixed expressions and idioms.


  • Collocations.- Words that occur together (turn on, take off)
  • Fixed Expressions.- Expression that can´t be changed (it´s up to you)
  • Idioms.- They also can´t be changed as fixed expressions, but their meaning is usually different from the combination of the meaning of the individuals words they contain.



4.- Words have different relationship with one another, the may be:


  • Synonyms.- Words with the same or similar meaning
  • Antonyms.– Words with opposite meaning
  • False friends.- Words with similar form and different meaning
  • Homophones.- Words with the same pronunciation and different meaning
  • Homonyms.- Words with the same spelling and pronunciation as another word, but a different meaning.





1.- Grammar it is really important to learn English,  because with grammar we change, combine and organize parts of words or groups or words to make meaning and understand sentences or ideas. And it is because of grammar that we can share ideas, feelings and also our knowledge. Grammar has many forms and uses that can be used for us.


2.- We must know that there are nine parts of speech in English:

Noun, that is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, an abstract idea. Nouns are usually the first words which small children learn.

Verb, is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and express actions, events, or states of being.

Adjectives, modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.

Adverbs, can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as “how,” “when,” “where,” “how much”.

Determiners, make clear which noun is refered to.

Prepositions, links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence.

Pronouns, can replace a noun or another pronoun. Pronouns are used to make your sentences less repetitive.

Conjunctions, are used to link words, phrases, and clauses.

Exclamation, are used to show a strong feeling, doubt or pain.


3.- Words behaves sentences and sentences has rules, and parts of speech coud varied depending of the function that they have in a sentences. For example:



Noun can act as subject of a verb

An adjective by itself can not

We can combine an adverb and an adjective

We cannot use an adjective and an adjective

We can use a noun and a noun



4.- We can see different grammatical forms in grammatical structure, and also we must know that there are many grammatical terms to describe different grammatical structures. For example: tenses, passive voice, comparatives, prepositional phrase, contrast clauses, prefixes or suffixes.


5.- Grammatical uses refer to how grammatical structures are used to communicate so many time the meaning or use of the words or speech depends of the context in which it is used. Example: Tenses


6.- Grammar rules describe the way that language works, but language changes all the time, so grammar rules change too… This is something really important for English teachers and English learners.


7.- There are some differences between spoken and written language, and some books does not describe those differences that describe spoken language.


8.- Teachers needs to analyze the best way to teach  grammar, because it is a difficult topic to teach, and it is most difficult if they are teaching children or old people… so there are many ways to teach according with the age and the necessities of learners and a teacher needs to know it.


9.- English teachers needs to improve the skills, fluency and communications of learners, not only the grammar part.


10.- It is truth that children do not learn grammar when they learn their first language, but adults who learn a second language really need to, and it is because we as second language learners, we translate words and sentences all the time and we try to compare the new things we are learning with the way that we use it in our language.